Submitted by Robyn Myers, Breeder Caretaker of Korina
DRAFT September 29, 2002
These lists were taken directly from the CCI Breeder Caretaker’s Manual / Early Socialization Manual (CCI, 1984), and the books provided in the Early Socialization Kit:
These lists are meant to serve as quick references, and assist you in referring back to the manual or books for more detailed information.
Lists to Compliment Whelping Manual
Lists to Compliment Early Socialization Manual
During Nursing, check Momma-dog’s nipples for
Momma’s nipples and tummy may be hot! Help her cool them with
Keep puppy area clean and dry
Monitor Momma-dog’s temperature daily for two weeks. If higher than 102.5 there may be a problem – call Dr. Ruth!
TWICE WEEKLY Weeks 1 – 3:
Fill out observation form on each puppy (all pups on the same day)
Weigh them daily (if desired) to monitor growth and overall health
TWICE WEEKLY Weeks 4 – 8:
Fill out observation form on each puppy (can be scattered throughout week)
Provide puppies with lots of interaction and socialization, new experiences and fun!
Whelping Room Set Up - Check-List
___ Big plastic trash bags
(for paper changes between births, etc…)
___ Garbage can(s) – or laundry hamper with trash bag liners
(one for paper trash, one for soiled laundry)
___ Plastic container (bucket)**
for placing and counting placentas – note if Momma-dog eats any
___ Large, easy to read clock
for recording birth times
___ Paper towels (1-2 rolls)
for all kinds of uses
___ Cloth hand or kitchen towels (a dozen or more)
have one for each pup, plus extras
___ Bucket with soapy water for washing Momma-dog or you
"Simple Green" is a good, non-toxic choice
___ Container of Anti-bacterial Hand wipes
For quick cleaning of skin
___ Container of Disinfecting Surface wipes (Lysol or Clorox, etc…)
For quick cleaning of surfaces
___ List of important phone numbers hung on wall or door (with phone near by)
in case of emergency or questions, and to call Dr. Ruth!
___ Disposable booties (surgical booties)
for difficult to clean shoes, or people who can’t go barefoot
___ Bottle of bleach, and Squirt bottle with dilute solution
for cleaning shoes and other surfaces
___ Squirt bottle with "Simple Green"
for cleaning pool, plastic, and puppies!
___ Scale with basket taped or somehow attached
for weighing puppies
___ Baby gate for doorway
to keep Momma-dog from dashing out
___ KY Jelly
___ Alcohol with cotton balls, or Alcohol wipes
for thermometer cleansing
___ Pool liner for whelping – plastic sheet, padding, newspapers, sheets
plastic sheet in bottom, then padding if desired, newspapers, and top sheet for traction
___ Sewing thread stored in alcohol in jar or tupperware
8" lengths for tying umbilical cord if needed
___ Colored birth-order yarn, mounted on card
___ Heating pad and whelping box (bottom of crate or cardboard box)
put heating pad on low-med on thick stack of newspapers, and box on top. Line box with soft towel or blanket – put pups here between births as needed
___ One pair hemostats or forceps
for clamping or pulling
___ One muzzle
just in case
___ A stiptic pencil
to help stop bleeding from cord
___ A small bottle of brandy
for slow starting pups, or whelper-helpers who need calming
___ Energy food for momma-dog
Vanilla ice cream, peanut butter, Iams canned puppy food
___ Emergency Kit – for power outages ** (See Power Outage list)
hot water bottles, candles, flashlights, extra batteries
What To Expect When Your Dog’s Expecting
Dr. Ruth’s predicted Due ate:______________________
Enter your dog’s info into the Canine Pregnancy Calculator: http://www.schaferhund.com/pregnancy.htm
After Dr. Ruth has confirmed the pregnancy with a sonogram (between days 26 and 35), and you have shared the news and picture with all your friends and neighbors – you now have four weeks to get ready!!!
____ Switch momma-dog to puppy food (slowly mixing foods for about a week)
____ Increase her food intake as her appetite increases (check with Dr. Ruth about what’s right for your dog) – generally 3 times a day for the last 3 weeks, or free feed.
____ Watch for normal pregnancy signs: enlarged vulva, softened vulva, increased clear or whitish discharge
____ Dogs may experience some "morning sickness" around weeks 3 –5 (or at other times) – offer her easy to digest additives to her puppy kibble, such as cooked hamburger, canned dog food or goat’s milk.
____ Set up the whelping room two weeks in advance, and let momma-dog get used to being in the pool. (This helps to remind her this is the "nest")
____ Go through the Whelping Checklist and make sure everything is ready.
____ Watch for signs of impending birth: water breaks, temperature drops, discharge appears or changes, appetite changes, activity level changes, increased panting, relestness, puppies move toward back, ripples on side may be contractions.
____ Trim fur around tummy and vulva if needed (like Golden Retrievers)
____ Once the water breaks, puppies can appear in 1 to 12 hours
Healthy Puppies/Sickly Puppies
Feels like a glove with a hand in it – when you pick it up.
Feels like a glove without a hand (limp) –when you pick it up.
Sounds like a well-tuned motor – when you put it to your ear
Sounds like it has emphysema
Has a shiny coat and feels warm
Has a dull coat and feels cool
Body twitches when asleep
Is off in a corner most of the time
Is strong, can find nipple, and nurses with confidence
Nurses only a few minutes, falls off, or doesn’t nurse at all
Has a pink tongue
Has a tongue that is not pink (grayish)
Is quiet, either busy nursing or sleeping
Cries or sounds colicky
Skin pops back into place when pinched
Skin stays creased when pinched
Danger Signs for Puppies
Causes of Sickly Puppies
Whelping Problems for Mom
Be Prepared for Power Outages or Weather Emergencies
Remembering, whelping can take 6 hours or more—and the puppies need to stay warm!
If you have an RV – make sure it: (you could move mom and pups in there)
Check ahead of time:
Whelp Emergency Fact Sheets
To hand to a whelper-helper with the troubled pup –
Puppy Triage for Slow Starting Pups
(You should work on all pups that "look dead" for anywhere from about 2 to 15 minutes)
The pups with the PINK TONGUE – but INACTIVE are the ones that require QUICK AND FIRM ACTION – as they are the most likely to be saved. (See procedures below)
See: "Slow Starting Pups" and "Large Whelp" sections of The Whelping And Rearing Of Puppies – A Complete And Practical Guide, Muriel P. Lee, 1997, T.F.H. Publications, Inc.
Photo copy and cover in plastic – to hand to a "whelper helper" in an emergency.
Whelping Phone Numbers
(Fill in your local numbers and contacts)
Canine Companions for Independence Vet Clinic: (707) 577-1745
(9:00-12:00,1:00-5:00 M-F, Saturdays )
CCI Kennel Staff (Alba): (707) 577-1752
Dr. Ruth Daniels: call 24 hours a day for emergencies
Work: (707) 577-1803
Home: (707) 544-6736
CCI Breeder Council Contacts:
Your breeder buddy: ________________________ phone:_______________________
LOCAL EMERGENCY VET:
Hours: 6 p.m. to 6 a.m., 24 hours Sat/Sun
*In case you have send a "whelper helper"—or don’t know the location yourself – have it handy!
8 WEEK PUPPY PLANNER
Date of birth: _______________________________
Sire: _________ Dam: _________
Week 1 (Day 1 to Day 7):_____________________________
Week 2 (Day 8 to Day 14):____________________________
Week 3 (Day 15 to Day 21):___________________________ (Day 21: eyes, ears open)
Week 4 (Day 22 to Day 28):___________________________
Week 5 (Day 29 to Day 35):___________________________(Can have visitors)
Week 6 (Day 36 to Day 42):___________________________ (Shots)
Week 7 (Day 43 to Day 49):___________________________
Week 8 (Day 50 to Day 56):___________________________
The following check lists were compiled from the CCI Whelping Manual/Early Socialization Kit (CCI, October 1994), and from the texts of The Whelping and Rearing of Puppies – A Complete and Practical Guide, Muriel P. Lee, 1997, T.F.H. Publications, Inc., and How To Raise A Puppy You Can Live With, Clarice Rutherford and David H. Neil, 1999, MJF Books, New York.
Week 1 Check List: (Day 1 to Day 7):_____________________________
Neonatal: All activities are innate – sucking, crying, crawling and seeking warmth
(touch). Puppies have little sense of light or sound. Pups must receive stimulation from mom to stimulate elimination.
What to expect:
Week 2 Check List (Day 8 to Day 14):____________________________
Neonatal: All activities are still innate – sucking, crying, crawling and seeking warmth (touch). May be better at finding their way back to mom. Puppies have little sense of light or sound. Pups must receive stimulation from mom to stimulate elimination.
What to Expect:
Week 3 Check List (Day 15 to Day 21):___________________________
(Day 21: eyes, ears open)
Transition: Eyesight and hearing dim, but rapidly improving. Begins to walk briefly. Becomes interested in littermates. Able to start eating, drinking and eliminating on own. Teeth begin to emerge.
What To Expect:
Week 4 Check List (Day 22 to Day 28):___________________________
Awareness: First stage of socialization – learns people are important. Needs a stable environment – should remain with mom as much as possible. Can see hear, and sense of smell is developing – becomes aware of these things. Begins to eat food, to bark, wag tail, play and bite other pups. Tire easily.
What To Expect:
Week 5 Check List (Day 29 to Day 35):___________________________
(Can have visitors)
Curiosity: Life becomes exciting! Not afraid of anything. Is aware of people and likes to be with them. Weaning begins. Puppies are curious. Playing together in groups. Social order and corrections from mom develop.
What To Expect:
Week 6 Check List (Day 36 to Day 42):___________________________
Curiosity: Life is all about play, eating, sleeping! Still not afraid of anything. Begins to bond with humans. Weaning should be completed. Legs are strong and more coordinated. Investigates everything in sight.
What To Expect:
Week 7 Check List (Day 43 to Day 49):___________________________
Behavorial Refinement: Puppy has total hearing and visual capacity. Will investigate anything. Pups will be very involved with his own needs. If you take initiative will follow you. Can start housebreaking.
What To Expect:
Week 8 Check List (Day 50 to Day 56):___________________________
Behavorial Refinement: Puppy has total hearing and visual capacity. Will investigate anything. Can begin learning name, and even respond to it. May be cautious and hesitant about approaching new things. Needs to be able to take his time about new experiences.
What To Expect:
RULES FOR PUPPY VISITORS:
Keep puppies in a small, safe area. (x-pens)
Plan to teach (show) adults and children the proper way to handle puppies: how to pick them up, and how to hold them without dropping them.
Before greeting puppies ALL visitors must:
DO NOT play tug of war with the puppies.
DO NOT play games that encourage puppies to bite or mouth you.
DO NOT let puppies bite fingers, toes, etc…or pull on shoestrings or clothes. Gently direct their attention elsewhere, or to an appropriate toy.
DO NOT let them climb up on something where they could fall off. (Do not put them up on high surfaces either.)
DO NOT let puppies run on tile or wooden (or any slick surface) where they may slip and slide.
Web Sites with Good Information:
Canine Pregnancy Calendar:
What to Expect When You Are Expecting Puppies: http://www.petplace.com/Articles/artShow.asp?artID=235
The Stages of Canine Reproduction – A Complex Process
Pregnancy - Canine
Pregancy Care, Jennifer Prince DVM
How do I determine the sex of puppies? Jennifer Prince, DVM
Caring for the Newborns and Their Mother, Jennifer Prince, DVM
How to Vaccinate – Drs Foster and Smith Inc.
Adverse Reactions to Vaccination, Drs Foster and Smith Inc.
Puppy Vaccines and Vaccination Schedule
Wing-N-Wave Labradors – Canine Reproduction
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